When the Bank Says NO!
Factoring has been practiced for centuries. The Romans sold promissory notes at a discount as did the Phoenicians. The word "factor" comes from Latin, the language of Rome. It means "to do" or "to make." The Pilgrim's journeys to America were financed by advances from a Factor who provided the funds to pay for the journey. The Pilgrims repaid the money with earnings from America. Factoring to this day is an extremely common business practice in Europe whereas many American business men have never heard of it.
Factoring is the selling of your accounts receivable for cash versus waiting 30-60 or 90 days to be paid by your customer. When you provide a Factoring company with copies of your invoices, the Factoring Company uses your invoices to make a loan to your company. It is a simple process and can be automated after the first transaction. Credit is not an issue when providing Accounts Receivable Loans or Financing. The Financial Companies looks at the credit history of the vendor not yours! This is exceptional good for small to medium size business that have been in business for less then two years.
My first experience with Factoring came when one of my Tax clients ending up with a sizable Tax liability one year. He ran a small Trucking company and had very few tax problems in the pass. However, because of a sudden burst in growth he was doing 2 to 3 times more business in the last half of the year. Because he did not have sufficient tax write offs, his tax liability really hit hard. He was actually having serious cash flow problems because of unplanned growth!
We talked about the situation, his taxes were completed and because he had rented a couple of trucks to keep up with the work load, we were able to use the rental cost as a write off. But there was still the self-employment tax and there was no doubt he had an increase in business income.
I went on the Internet and started to research "invoices". I had never really understood Factoring before that time, but I had heard of it. We did not factor my client's Invoices because he called the company he worked with, explained the situation and they paid him 50% of the Invoice immediately and the balance shortly after.
I had already researched "Factoring" or Accounts Receivable Financing and being a Tax person I was always looking for ways to help my clients pay their taxes as soon as possible, especially if they owed employee taxes.
I put an ad online and within days a CPA called. He had a client who imported culinary products from overseas. They needed to factor a fairly large invoice. I called one of the Factoring Companies explained the situation. The Factoring Company arranged for his company to do a Purchase Order from his supplier overseas. Once the Purchase Order was in place, we factored the Invoice. The client received over 90% of the Invoice amount within days. He then went on to repeat the deal 3 or 4 more times!