A Look at Common Types of Loans
People sometimes wonder about common types of loans, especially with all of the different types of loans available.
There are many common types of loans that may fall into the same categories, as well as some common types of loans that are only different in one or two small ways.
Below are the descriptions for several common types of loans, including some of the factors that may restrict who is eligible for the loan and how much interest different individuals might have to pay for the loan.
Of course, this doesn't cover all of the loans that are offered? only the loans that you are most likely to encounter.
Secured and Unsecured Loans
Most if not all common types of loans fall into one of two categories? secured loans and unsecured loans.
Secured loans are those loans that use some object of value, which is referred to as collateral, as a guarantee of repayment and a method of offering lower interest rates.
Unsecured loans, on the other hand, require no collateral but almost always have a higher interest rate than secured loans.
Both of these types of loans may be affected by your credit rating, and secured loans may be affected by the value and type of your collateral.
Student loans are one of the common types of loans that provide money for a person to continue their education. These loans are often supported by the government, allowing them to be unsecured loans while maintaining lower interest rates. Many student loans have a deferred repayment option, allowing the student to put off repaying the loans until after they've finished school.
Another of the more common types of loans is auto financing, which is a secured loan that is used to purchase a car, truck, or other vehicle. The vehicle that is purchased serves as the collateral for the loan, allowing a person to purchase the vehicle without having to put up additional collateral to secure the loan. Since most vehicles are higher value items, auto financing is often available to individuals of a variety of credit ratings.
Mortgage loans are loans that are used to purchase or refinance a house or real estate, and are one of the most common types of loans. Much like auto financing, mortgage loans require no additional collateral since the purchased property serves as the collateral to secure the loan.
Mortgage loans tend to vary in interest rates and repayment terms, with common repayment options sometimes lasting as long as 30 years for larger mortgages. These loans can be gotten from a variety of lenders, including standard banks, finance companies, and online lenders.
Very similar to mortgages, homeowner loans are loans that are taken using a house or other piece of real estate as collateral.
The major difference between homeowner loans and mortgage loans is that homeowner loans are taken out on property that the borrower already owns, and uses equity (which is the portion of the property's value that's already been paid for) as a major determining factor in interest rates and other loan terms.
Most individuals who own a home or real estate can qualify for homeowner loans (with sufficient equity), regardless of their credit rating.
Like mortgage loans, homeowner loans can be obtained from traditional banks, finance companies, online lending services, and other lenders? a growing trend in recent years, however, is for homeowner loans to be gotten via online services because of the increased convenience and anonymity of online lenders.
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